About the Hindi language
Hindi is a very melodious and phonetic language. It is the national language of India and is spoken by millions of people not only in the native country, but also in several other countries.
Hindi belongs to Indo Aryan family. The dialect upon which the standard Hindi language is based is called “Khariboli”. This is the local language of Delhi and the Uttar Pradesh region. This dialect acquired importance during the reign of the Mughal empire and came to be known as Urdu. However, after independence, the government of India decided to separate Hindi and Urdu and make Hindi the National language of the country.
Hindi language is written in Devnagiri Script. This script is also used in other languages like Nepali, Sanskrit, Marathi. In this script, the words are pronounced as they are written and vice versa.
The language has 13 vowels and 36 consonants in total.
Relationship between Hindi and English
Hindi and English share an age old relation. They have the same ancestral roots. These languages are said to have evolved from the language which was spoken in Central Asia in 5000BC – this was called the Indo-European language. It is due to this and also the 200 year reign of the “British Raj” that there are several words which are similar in the languages. Words like pashmina, shawl, pundit, poori, pukka have been adopted as part of the English language and are reflected as such in the English dictionary. And several words like bangle, thug, bungalow etc. are adaptations of Hindi words.
Many words of Hindi origin have become a part of the English language. For example words like Pashmina (type of textile), Pooris ( fried cakes), Pundits ( priest), Garam Masala ( hot spices), Raita ( type of yogurt), Chutney ( spread, dip) and many more have been included and become a part of the English language.
Several English words have also been adapted from Hindi and Sanskrit.
- Bangle is taken from Hindi word Bangadi which means a type of bracelet.
- Bungalow is taken from Hindi word Bangla which literally means house.
- Pyjamas is taken from Hindi word Paijaama which mean leg trousers.
- Thug is adapted from Hindi word Thagi which means thief or conman.
- Andhonmein Kana Raja – An eye among the blind –
- Unth ke munhmein Jeera – A drop in the ocean –
- Jaisi karni vaisi bharani – As you sow , so shall you reap –
- Daan ki bachiya ke dant nahi dekhe jaate – Beggars can’t be choosers –
- Bhains ke aage been bajana – Speak Greek before the ladies –
Some Useful Words and Phrases
- Hello – Namaste –
- Good Day – Shubh Din –
- Good Morning – Su Prabhat –
- Thank You – Dhanyavaad , shukriya –
- Sorry – Kshma Kijiye –
- Today – Aj –
- Tomorrow – Kal –
- Day – Din –
- Rat – Night –
- What is your name? – Ap ka naam Kya hai? –
- How are you? – Ap Kaise hai –
- I am very pleased to meet you – Ap se mil kar mujhe bahut khushi hui –
- Bye – Namaste, Alvida –